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Embrace Green Investments, But Know the Risks First

posted 3 weeks ago

In a world where the economic landscape constantly evolves, the importance of making informed and strategic investment decisions has never been more apparent. From the meteoric rise of cryptocurrencies to the surging tide of sustainable and green investments, the choices we make today can profoundly shape our financial futures and influence the world around us. Kenya, a radiant advocate for clean energy and climate action, is embarking on an uncharted journey, introducing the concept of investing green as a unique and socially beneficial investment option. Green investments involve supporting projects that not only safeguard our environment but also foster a transition towards a low-carbon economy.


In a significant stride towards a greener future, the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) has approved the issuance of Green bond guidelines, a move supported by the Capital Markets Authority. This development marks a crucial step in fostering green investments within Kenya. Furthermore, Kenya now boasts the Draft National Green Fiscal Incentives Policy Framework, which encompasses a wide range of areas including policy goals, guiding principles, situational analysis of green fiscal reforms across key sectors, and green fiscal policy interventions. Noteworthy among these policy tools are carbon taxes, rebates, subsidies, tax exemptions, ecological fiscal transfers, research grants, concessional loans, guarantees, interest rate subsidies, and even the establishment of a green bank. These initiatives underline Kenya’s commitment to environmentally sustainable and economically viable investments.

Considering dipping your toes in the green investment waters? First, let’s dive into the risks.

To invest wisely, one must first acknowledge the risks involved in green infrastructure projects. These risks include:

  1. Uncertainty in financial returns

Uncertainty in financial returns refers to the unpredictability of how much profit an investment might generate. In green investments, this is often due to the evolving nature of sustainable technologies and market dynamics. For instance, investing in solar energy projects can yield returns over time, but the exact amount can be uncertain due to variables such as changing energy prices and government incentives

  1. Market volatility and demand fluctuations

Market volatility and demand fluctuations in green investments can be attributed to shifts in consumer preferences, policy changes, and external factors like global economic conditions. A prime example is the electric vehicle market. Demand for EVs can spike with favorable policies and plunge when incentives change, impacting investments in related industries.

  1. Difficulty in estimating long-term financial benefits

Estimating the long-term financial benefits of green investments can be tricky. The returns on sustainable projects may accrue gradually. For instance, retrofitting a building for energy efficiency might have upfront costs, and it could take several years to see substantial savings on energy bills.

  1. Technical failures and defects

Technical failures and defects can disrupt green projects, jeopardizing their economic viability. In the wind energy sector, turbine malfunctions can lead to downtime and reduced energy production, impacting the project’s returns and necessitating costly maintenance.

  1. Complexity and scale of projects

Many green projects are complex and large-scale endeavors. For instance, building a renewable energy power plant involves intricate planning, regulatory compliance, and substantial capital. These complexities can deter investors who prefer simpler and more familiar investment options.

To tackle these challenges, a multifaceted approach is essential. The government should prioritize the following strategies: First, the establishment of clear policies and regulations that offer transparency and guidance for green finance and sustainable development. These policies should encompass aspects like information disclosure, risk assessment, and green bond standards. Secondly, diversifying the array of green financial products is crucial, including green bonds, green funds, and green loans, tailored to meet the needs of various stakeholders and foster the development of green infrastructure projects. Finally, it’s imperative to bolster the capabilities of financial institutions. The government should actively support the creation of specialized green finance institutions, offer incentives and training to their personnel, and actively engage in the development of innovative green financial products.


Kenya’s foray into green investment is a commendable effort toward a sustainable future. To make this transition seamless, it’s essential to demystify green investments, tackle the associated risks, and pave the way for an environment where sustainable development and economic growth can flourish. The onus falls on decision-makers, investors, and the government to work together to realize the dream of a greener, cleaner Kenya. In this pursuit, we can not only talk the talk but truly walk the walk towards a greener, more prosperous future for all Kenyans.


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